Human Brain vs Artificial Intelligence Concept

Can the mind, restricted in its skill to carry out exact math, compete with AI programs run on high-speed parallel computer systems? Sure, for a lot of duties, as evidenced by on a regular basis experiences. Given this, can a extra environment friendly AI be constructed based mostly on the mind’s design?

Though the mind’s structure may be very shallow, brain-inspired synthetic neural networks’ studying capabilities can outperform deep studying.

Historically, synthetic intelligence stems from human mind dynamics. Nevertheless, mind studying is restricted in a quantity of vital points in comparison with deep studying (DL). First, environment friendly DL wiring constructions (architectures) consist of many tens of feedforward (consecutive) layers, whereas mind dynamics consist of solely a few feedforward layers. Second, DL architectures sometimes consist of many consecutive filter layers, that are important to determine one of the enter courses. If the enter is a automotive, for instance, the first filter identifies wheels, the second one identifies doorways, the third one lights and after many further filters it turns into clear that the enter object is, certainly, a automotive. Conversely, mind dynamics comprise simply a single filter situated near the retina. The final vital part is the mathematical complicated DL coaching process, which is evidently far past organic realization.

Brain Learning Weaker Than Artificial Intelligence

Scheme of a easy neural community based mostly on dendritic tree (left) vs. a complicated synthetic intelligence deep studying structure (proper). Credit score: Prof. Ido Kanter, Bar-Ilan College

Can the mind, with its restricted realization of exact mathematical operations, compete with superior synthetic intelligence programs carried out on quick and parallel computer systems? From our each day expertise we all know that for a lot of duties the reply is sure! Why is that this and, given this affirmative reply, can one construct a new sort of environment friendly synthetic intelligence impressed by the mind? In an article printed as we speak (January 30) in the journal Scientific Stories, researchers from Bar-Ilan College in Israel resolve this puzzle.

“We’ve shown that efficient learning on an artificial tree architecture, where each weight has a single route to an output unit, can achieve better classification success rates than previously achieved by DL architectures consisting of more layers and filters. This finding paves the way for efficient, biologically-inspired new AI hardware and algorithms,” mentioned Prof. Ido Kanter, of Bar-Ilan’s Division of Physics and Gonda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Analysis Middle, who led the analysis.

“Highly pruned tree architectures represent a step toward a plausible biological realization of efficient dendritic tree learning by a single or several neurons, with reduced complexity and energy consumption, and biological realization of backpropagation mechanism, which is currently the central technique in AI,” added Yuval Meir, a PhD scholar and contributor to this work.

Efficient dendritic tree studying relies on earlier analysis by Kanter and his experimental analysis workforce — and carried out by Dr. Roni Vardi — indicating proof for sub-dendritic adaptation utilizing neuronal cultures, along with different anisotropic properties of neurons, like totally different spike waveforms, refractory durations and maximal transmission charges.

The environment friendly implementation of extremely pruned tree coaching requires a new sort of {hardware} that differs from rising GPUs which might be higher fitted to the present DL technique. The emergence of new {hardware} is required to effectively imitate mind dynamics.

Reference: “Learning on tree architectures outperforms a convolutional feedforward network” 30 January 2023, Scientific Stories.
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-27986-6

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The Obsessed Guy
Hi, I'm The Obsessed Guy and I am passionate about artificial intelligence. I have spent years studying and working in the field, and I am fascinated by the potential of machine learning, deep learning, and natural language processing. I love exploring how these technologies are being used to solve real-world problems and am always eager to learn more. In my spare time, you can find me tinkering with neural networks and reading about the latest AI research.


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